Armyanskii ln., 4-2, Moscow, 101000, Russia


Natalia Kharlamenkova1, Daria Nikitina1, Ekaterina Dymova1, Nadezhda Shatalova1
  • 1 Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences, 13 build. 1, Yaroslavskaya Str., Moscow, 129366, Russian Federation

Self-Assessment and Indirect Assessment of Stress and Stressful Situation by Children Aged 8–12

2023. Vol. 20. No. 1. P. 151–167 [issue contents]

The objective of this study was to identify the match value between self-assessment and indirect assessment of stress by children of primary school age. The participants of the study were 132 junior schoolchildren aged 8-12 years, studying in grades 3-4 in a school in the Moscow Region. Indirect evaluation was measured with the projective Etkind's Color Test of Relationships; two indicators were chosen: the first one was the child's assignment of a stressful situation as "pleasant" (high significance) or less pleasant (low significance); the second indicator was the child's assessment of stress as a positive or negative phenomenon. Self-assessment of stress was measured with the Perceived Stress Scale for Children, PSS-C. It was shown that at the age of 8-12 years, children are able to assess stress differently: negatively – as a distress, and positively – as an eustress. Depending on the degree of relevance of the stressful situation for the child and its negative indirect assessment, indicators of self-assessment of stress change. In children who perceived stress as a relevant situation and indirectly assessed it negatively, self-assessment of stress was high; if the stressful situation was indirectly assessed as positive, the self-assessment of stress was low. At the same time, positive assessment of stress can also be an indicator of a successful coping with it or attest to the psychological defenses that prevent the child from overcoming feelings of anxiety and stress.

Citation: Kharlamenkova N., Nikitina D., Dymova E., Shatalova N. (2023) Samootsenka i kosvennaya otsenka stressa i stressovoy situatsii det'mi 8–12 let [Self-Assessment and Indirect Assessment of Stress and Stressful Situation by Children Aged 8–12 (in Russian)]. Psychology. Journal of Higher School of Economics, vol. 20, no 1, pp. 151-167 (in Russian)
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