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Alexandra Chistopolskaya1, Anna Savinova1,2, Natalia Lazareva1
  • 1 Demidov Yaroslavl State University, 14 Sovetskaya Str., Yaroslavl, 150000, Russian Federation
  • 2 Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Prospekt Vernadskogo 84, Building 3, Moscow, 119571, Russian Federation

The Explication of Insight Criteria and Overview of Their Measurement Methods

2021. Vol. 18. No. 4. P. 907–929 [issue contents]
The article provides an overview of the existing approaches of research on the phenomenon of insight and explication of its criteria. The authors identified two research approaches to insight: a detection of insight before a solution and after a solution of cognitive tasks. The first approach based on the usage of classical insight tasks, which include the need for representational change; any solution of these tasks classified as an insight. The second approach based on the solvers' self-reports when solvers evaluate solutions of various types of tasks; the tasks can be solved with an insight or without an insight (anagrams, rebuses, puzzles, Remote Associates Test, etc.). Examples of research within each approach, their advantages and limitations are considered. Objective and subjective parameters of insight are described. Subjective parameters are understood as various forms of solvers' self-reports about their insight experience. Objective parameters are the various types of behavioral and physiological patterns that accompany the insight solution, but do not depend on self-reports of solvers. It was shown that using only one group of parameters does not allow us to uniquely classify the solution as an insight. This leads to the fact that today mixed formats used in research more often, i.e., objective and subjective insight parameters used together. As prospects for insight research, we consider the approaches, which allow self-formulation of insight criteria by a solver; take into account the individual characteristics of a solver as a factor in detecting the insight solution; teach participants to detect the insight solution and develop in participants generalized concepts about the insight solution regardless of the specific measurement procedure.

Citation: Chistopolskaya A., Savinova A., Lazareva N. (2021) Eksplikatsiya kriteriev insayta i obzor metodov ikh izmereniya [The Explication of Insight Criteria and Overview of Their Measurement Methods]. Psychology. Journal of Higher School of Economics, vol. 18, no 4, pp. 907-929 (in Russian)
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