Armyanskii ln., 4-2, Moscow, 101000, Russia


Vladimir Tolochek1
  • 1 Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences, 13 build. 1, Yaroslavskaya Str., Moscow, 129366, Russian Federation

Conditions of the Social Environment as Factors of Social Success of a Person

2023. Vol. 20. No. 1. P. 129–150 [issue contents]

With the help of the author's technique "Dynamics of professional lifestyle", spatial characteristics of the conditions of the social environment were studied as the potential resources for one’s social success. Respondents assessed the role of environmental conditions as "factors for professionalism", as well as the dynamics of their professionalism with their age, which varied from 20 to 65 years (retrospectively and prospectively). Socio-demographic and service characteristics were recorded. 482 men and women aged 30-50 were interviewed, including 132 civil servants, 221 managers, 129 engineers and heads of industrial enterprises. During the stage-by-stage division of the sample into social groups (men/women, specialists/managers, realized/unrealized in the family sphere), environmental conditions were singled out as the factors for one’s success; the criteria were the official position and completeness of realization in the family sphere (specialists and managers who have been married for at least 5 years and with children, and those who are not married and without children) were distinguished. Correlation analysis, t-comparison and two types of statistics were used: "raw estimates" and their derivatives – sums for selected groups. It was found that the same conditions of the social environment differ in their impact on representatives of different sexes, ages, working in different sectors, with different social experience. The differences lie in the composition, range and structure of the actualized environmental conditions as resources, in the extent to which different types of success are determined, in the degree to which a space of human life is off-limits to a person, etc. In relation to some manifestations of one’s social success, the influence of certain environmental conditions can be positive, while in relation to others – negative. The hypothesis was confirmed that the combined effect of several positive environmental conditions at once does not have an effect that enhances the result.

Citation: Tolochek V. (2023) Usloviya sotsial'noy sredy kak faktory sotsial'noy uspeshnosti sub"ekta [Conditions of the Social Environment as Factors of Social Success of a Person (in Russian)]. Psychology. Journal of Higher School of Economics, vol. 20, no 1, pp. 129-150 (in Russian)
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