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Andrei Shpakou1, Liudmila Klimatckaia2, Natalia Skoblina3, Joanna Baj-Korpak4, Aelita Skarbalienė5, Olga Fedortsiv6, Tatyana Krestyaninova7, Alena Znatnova8, Aleh Kuzniatsou9, Julia Cherkasova2
  • 1 anka Kupala State University of Grodno, 22 Ozheshko Str., Grodno, 230023, Belarus
  • 2 Astafiev Krasnoyarsk State Pedagogical University, 89 Ada Lebedeva Str., Krasnoyarsk, 660049, Russian Federation
  • 3 Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, 1 Ostrovitjanova Str., Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation
  • 4 Pope John Paul II State School of Higher Education in Biala Podlaska, 95/97 Sidorska Str., Biala Podlaska, 21-500, Poland
  • 5 Klaipeda University, 84 H. Manto Str., Klaipeda, 92294, Lithuania
  • 6 Ivan Horbachevsky National Medical University of Ternopol, 1 Majdan Voli, Ternopil, 46001, Ukraine
  • 7 Vitebsk State University named after P.M. Masherov, 33 Moskovskiy Ave, Vitebsk, 210038, Belarus
  • 8 Maxim Tank Belarusian State Pedagogical University, 18 Sovetskaya Str., Minsk, 220030, Belarus
  • 9 Grodno State Medical University, 80 Gorkogo Str., Grodno, 230015, Belarus

The Prevalence of Loneliness among University Students from Five European Countries during the COVID-19 Pandemic

2021. Vol. 18. No. 4. P. 871–887 [issue contents]
At universities for students, the COVID-19 pandemic and the introduced anti-pandemic measures turned out to be psycho-traumatic factors that increased the experience of loneliness. The purpose of the study was to investigate the prevalence of the phenomenon of loneliness among university students in five European countries, taking into account the variety of anti-COVID measures during the COVID-19 pandemic. Using the UCLA Loneliness Scale, questionnaires of 2316 students. In Russia, Poland and Ukraine a hard lockdown was introduced during the pandemic. Lithuania (in the first months) did not undertake severe restrictions, and for a long time the danger of the SARS-CoV-2 virus was not recognized in Belarus. The students in Lithuania and Belarus, 33 and 35 points. Students from Poland, Russia and Ukraine: 38, 37, 37 points, respectively. All respondents were classified according to three levels of loneliness experience. A low level (<40) was noted in 1,510 cases (65.2%), medium (40‒60) — 740 people (32.0%), high (>60) experience of loneliness — 66 respondents (2.8%). Among the representatives of Lithuania and Belarus, a low level of subjective feeling of loneliness prevailed (about 70% of respondents), while in Ukraine, Russia and Poland the share of low indicators was significantly less, respectively, 65.2%, 59.8% and 57.8%. University students from five countries who participated in the study do not experience high levels of loneliness. Gradation of the prevalence of feelings of loneliness from minimum to maximum in comparison is as follows: LT — BY — RU—UA—PL. The severity of loneliness is associated with the levels of restrictions in the countries during the pandemic.

Citation: Shpakou A., Klimatckaia L., Skoblina N., Baj-Korpak J., Skarbalienė A., Fedortsiv O., Znatnova A., Kuzniatsou A., Cherkasova J. (2021) Rasprostranennost' perezhivaniya odinochestva sredi studentov universitetov pyati evropeyskikh stran vo vremya pandemii COVID-19 [The Prevalence of Loneliness among University Students from Five European Countries during the COVID-19 Pandemic]. Psychology. Journal of Higher School of Economics, vol. 18, no 4, pp. 871-887 (in Russian)
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