Armyanskii ln., 4-2, Moscow, 101000, Russia


Olga Razumnikova1
  • 1 Novosibirsk State Technical University, 20 K. Marks avenue, Novosibirsk, 630073, Russian Federation

Neurophysiological Mechanisms of Solution of Experimental Creative Problems: Insight or/and Critical Analysis?

2021. Vol. 18. No. 3. P. 623–642 [issue contents]
The literature review examines different points of view on the processes of interaction of neural networks of the brain in selection of information and decision-making on the basis of insight or a critical analysis of the ideas generated during creativity testing. The BVSR (Blind Variation and Selective Retention) and “GENEPLORE” (Generate and Explore) models have been proposed to study the combination of different cognitive operations in creativity. The analysis of the insight in experimental studies was performed using tasks on heuristic thinking, perception of dual figures, the tests of remote associations (RAT) or compound remote associations (CRA). The information on the most stable EEG correlate of insight is given, which is the synchronization of alpha biopotentials and changes in the intensity and regional specificity of this effect, due to the characteristics of the creative task. The results of tomographic studies revealed the key importance of specific patterns of “pre-setting” of neural networks at rest: default and executive systems and the dynamics of the interaction of the frontal and parietal regions of the brain, reflecting different indicators of creativity. The role of a critical analysis in the solution of a problem and the importance of inhibitory functions in the selection of relevant information are modulating the creative process. Due to the inclusion of opposing processes in the search for an original solution to the problem - of convergent or divergent thinking, directed or defocused and internal or external attention - there is a temporary and structural reorganization of activation or inhibition in the neural systems of the brain. The brain structures required for switching between different strategies of information selection and for selecting an answer when solving experimental creative tasks depending on their complexity and content are the prefrontal and cingular cortical areas, and the hippocampus.

Citation: Razumnikova O. (2021)

Neyrofiziologicheskie mekhanizmy resheniya eksperimental'nykh tvorcheskikh zadach: insayt i/ili kriticheskiy analiz?

[Neurophysiological Mechanisms of Solution of Experimental Creative Problems: Insight or/and Critical Analysis?]. Psychology. Journal of Higher School of Economics, vol. 18, no 3, pp. 623-642 (in Russian)
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