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Galina Ozhiganova 1
  • 1 Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences, 13 build. 1, Yaroslavskaya Str., Moscow, 129366, Russian Federation

Spiritual Capacities of Personality and Productive Life Activity

2021. Vol. 18. No. 1. P. 182–202 [issue contents]
The article deals with the psychological aspects of spirituality. The concepts of spiritual intelligence, spiritual capacities, and spiritual personality are analyzed. The study was based on the idea of a psychological model of spiritual capacities proposed by the author. This model includes three components: moral, mental, and transcendent. The moral component was selected to be explored in detail and was empirically studied. The principal constituent of the moral component of spiritual capacities is a spiritual altruistic tendency; its connection with productive life is analyzed in the article. The objective of the study was the investigation of the relationships between spiritual personality, spiritual capacities and productive life activity. The participants were 662 adults (206 males, 456 females): students and full-time employees aged 18–45 years (M = 26.08) from two cities of the Russian Federation (Kostroma and Taganrog). Correlational and comparative analysis was used for data processing. It was found that respondents with higher levels of “spiritual personality” significantly differed, according to the Mann–Whitney U test by a higher productivity of life activity (U = 43028; p < .001) and had higher levels of spiritual capacities — the spiritual altruistic tendency (U = 46328,5; p < .022). The correlational analysis showed that the higher was the level of manifestation of spiritual capacities — the spiritual altruistic tendency, the higher was the productivity of life activity. The results obtained make it possible to note the importance of the construct “spiritual capacities” and the need for its further scientific psychological research, as well as to emphasize the practical significance of spiritual capacities for the prosperous and productive functioning of society.

Citation: Ozhiganova G. (2021) Dukhovnye sposobnosti lichnosti i produktivnaya zhiznedeyatel'nost' [Spiritual Capacities of Personality and Productive Life Activity]. Psychology. Journal of Higher School of Economics, vol. 19, no 1, pp. 182-202 (in Russian)
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