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Elena Ulybina 

Contribution of Belief in a Just World, Male Attitude Norms and Expectant Attitude to Victim in Attribution of Blame to the Female Victim

2020. Vol. 17. No. 3. P. 558–576 [issue contents]

The study describes the empirical research on the impact of belief in a just world, acceptance of male normative attitudes and public expectant attitude toward the victim on thevictim blaming in rape or robbery on the part of both men and women. One thousand thirty eight respondents aged 18-70 (630 females) filled out an online survey. This survey included the questionnaire on male attitude norms (Kletsina, Ioffe, 2013), the questionnaire onbelief in a just world (Nartova-Bochaver and others, 2013), which allowed to estimate the level ofbelief in a just world for everyone (general justice) and the level ofbelief in a just world for the self (personal justice), and, at last, the vignette, containing a story either about robbery or rape, with a woman as a victim and a man as a perpetrator. According to the analysis of the obtained data, both male and female respondents put blame on victims of robbery and rape equally; men and women did not differ on victim blaming in cases of robbery in terms of moral evaluation, but men more than women blamed a victim of rape. The results of the stepwise regression analysis showed that in both cases the level of acceptance of male normative attitudes and public expectant attitude make input into the level of victim blaming. The indicator of general justice makes input into the victim blaming in rape only in the subsample of men. The acceptance of both male normative attitudes and public expectant blame reflect the representations of the current social reality, whereas general justice frames the subjective evaluation of this social reality. Therefore, the higher determinacy of the victim blaming by the level of male normative attitudes and expectant blame as opposed to belief in general justice, allows us to assume that people tend more to avoid conflict with social reality than to retain an evaluation of reality as a just one.

Citation: Ulybina E. (2020) Vera v spravedlivyy mir, muzhskie normativnye ustanovki i atributsiya viny zhertvam prestupleniya [Contribution of Belief in a Just World, Male Attitude Norms and Expectant Attitude to Victim in Attribution of Blame to the Female Victim]. Psychology. Journal of Higher School of Economics, vol. 17, no 3, pp. 558-576 (in Russian)
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