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Tatyana Soboleva 1
  • 1 aThe Far Eastern State Transport University, 47, Seryshev Str., Khabarovsk, 680021, Russian Federation

The Formation of Professional Talent and Its Determination by the Low and High Motivation for Success under the Influence of Different Degrees of Freedom in Activity

2020. Vol. 17. No. 3. P. 537–557 [issue contents]

This article is devoted to the poorly studied problem of the formation of professional talent in the conditions of different degrees of freedom in activity and the influence of a person’s low or high motivation for success on this formation. Three degrees of freedom in activity have been identified and described: the low degree of freedom is due to the normative mode of action; the average degree of freedom is due to the combined mode of action from the subject's experience and regulatory instructions; and the high degree of freedom is due to the creation of a new mode of action. The main objective of the study is to describe how the conditions of different degrees of freedom in activity are refracted with internal conditions, which are low and high motivation for success, and various talent structures. The study was conducted on a sample of 54 qualified train drivers using a specialized simulator, which allows simulating three degrees of freedom in activity. The psychological analysis of activity revealed seven abilities ensuring the implementation of activity. Based on the empirical data, it is shown that low, medium, and high degrees of freedom in activity are manifested in different measures of productivity. Low and high motivation for a person’s success in freedom of choice conditions in the activity does not influence the productivity of the activity. Along with this, depending on the low and high motivation for success, different structures of talent in terms of composition and degree of integration under the conditions of different degrees of freedom in the activity are formed. On the one hand, the low and high motivation for success acts as internal determinants, on the other hand, low, medium and high degrees of freedom in the activity act as external determinants for the formation of various talent structures.

Citation: Soboleva T. (2020) Formirovanie professional'noy odarennosti i ee determinatsiya motivatsiey uspekha i razlichnoy stepen'yu svobody v deyatel'nosti [The Formation of Professional Talent and Its Determination by the Low and High Motivation for Success under the Influence of Different Degrees of Freedom in Activity]. Psychology. Journal of Higher School of Economics, vol. 17, no 3, pp. 537-557 (in Russian)
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