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Volodymyr Durmanov 1
  • 1 Bialystok University of Technology, Wiejska Street 45A, 15-351, Poland

Households, Ownership and Dimensions of Urban Apartments in Russia

2020. Vol. 17. No. 3. P. 454–477 [issue contents]

The article is devoted to identifying the socio-psychological reasons that formed in pre-revolutionary Russia, which in Soviet times became the basis for creating a huge city housing stock in the country, filling almost sixth of the planetary land with identical multi-storey sectional buildings, almost entirely consisting of small apartments in terms of area and number of rooms. It seemed that the technology of mass standard model design will provide a solution to this problem in the shortest possible time and will become the basis of the spatial image of housing in the future. Several decades of active construction of identical cheap residential buildings caused an avalanche-like increase in the number of “waiting lists” - households that ought to be relocated to new, more spacious apartments, in accordance with the hygiene standard established by the state. An analysis of the construction practice in Russia, based on the regulation the constraints of the geometric parameters of the apartments, indicates the cyclic nature of the state housing policy development, which largely depends on the dynamics of the ownership structure in the country. The established regularity excludes the possibility of improving the quality of city apartments by using the concept of full socialization or full privatization of all housing resources of the country. Studies of mass urban housing, conducted in the mid-80s, showed that the main reason for the need to change the geometric characteristics of a city apartment is a change in the lifestyle of households.

Citation: Durmanov V. (2020) Domokhozyaystva, vladel'tsy i razmery gorodskikh kvartir v Rossii [Households, Ownership and Dimensions of Urban Apartments in Russia]. Psychology. Journal of Higher School of Economics, vol. 17, no 3, pp. 454-477 (in Russian)
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