Armyanskii ln., 4-2, Moscow, 101000, Russia


Yulia Chentsova-Dutton1, Eunsoo Choi1, Andrew Ryder2
  • 1 Department of Psycho­logy, Georgetown University, 306 White-Gravenor Hall, 3700 O Street, NW, Washington, DC 20057
  • 2 Department of Psychology, Con­cordia University, 7141 Sherbrooke St. W., PY-146, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H4B 1R6

Cultural variations in ideal and momentary hedonic balance: Does a more negative ideal protect Russian Americans from daily stress?

2014. Vol. 11. No. 1. P. 118–132 [issue contents]

The association between perceived stress with heightened negative emotions and dampened positive emotions is well established. Much less clear, however, is the extent to which ideal and experienced levels of hedonic balance (i.e., the difference in intensities between positive and negative emotions) predict stress across cultural contexts. There is wide cultural variation in dominant models of emotions; for example, the Russian cultural context is thought to emphasize low hedonic balance relative to European American or Hispanic American cultural contexts. Thirty-two European Americans, 25 Hispanic Americans, 33 Asian Americans, and 20 Russian Americans provided reports of ideal and momentary hedonic balance. Momentary reports were sampled over 10 days. Perceived levels of stress were assessed at the beginning and at the end of the study. There were cultural group differences in ideal and momentary hedonic balance, with Russian Americans reporting lower ideal and momentary hedonic balance than Hispanic Americans. Across cultural groups, lower levels of momentary hedonic balance were predictive of perceived stress. In the Russian American group, but not the other groups, lower ideal hedonic balance was associated with lower levels of perceived stress. These results suggest that the Russian cultural model of emotions shape both ideal and momentary hedonic balance, with lower levels of ideal hedonic protecting against the potentially stressful impact of low experienced hedonic balance.

Citation: Chentsova-Dutton, Y. E., Choi, E., & Ryder, A. (2014). Kul'turnye razlichiya i skhodstvo v urovnyakh ideal'nogo i tekushchego gedonisticheskogo balansa i ikh vliyanii na vospriyatie stressa [Cultural variations in ideal and momentary hedonic balance: Does a more negative ideal protect Russian Americans from daily stress?]. Psychology. Journal of Higher School of Economics, 11(1), 118-132.
Rambler's Top100 rss