Armyanskii ln., 4-2,
Moscow, 101000, Russia


Alexander Poddiakov1
  • 1 National Research University Higher School of Economics, 20 Myasnitskaya Str., Moscow, 101000, Russian Federation


2007. Vol. 4. No. 3. P. 98–107 [issue contents]
The paper contains evidence that within a traditional concept of altruism representations of two essentially different types of non-egoistic aims and behaviors are not differentiated. The first type supposes a general humanistic aim to help other people without their special differentiation. The second type supposes that a subject while ignoring his own interests helps another subject in a particular way — by doing damage to his rivals. The concept «alternative altruism», or «alter-altruism» is proposed for the latter type of attitude and behavior. The classification of different human activities in a three-dimensional space «cooperation-counteraction-execution/ reflection» is presented. Manifestations of alter-altruism towards «enemies» and «allies» are being described. Moral dilemmas of alter-altruistic activities are discussed and future research aims are set.
Citation: Poddiakov A. (2007) Al'ter-al'truizm [Alter-altruism]. Psychology. Journal of Higher School of Economics, vol. 4, no 3, pp. 98-107 (in Russian)
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